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The esophageal airways are inhabited by a bacterial flora that includes more than 200 species of bacteria found in gingival fissures, mucous membranes of the tongue and cheeks, oropharynx, tonsillar crypts, and nasopharynx where anaerobes are found. Bacteriological examination of the throat smear facilitates the correct diagnostics of infections caused by local bacterial microflora and the timely initiation of antibiotic therapy.
The results obtained may indicate:
An antibiotic test (sensitivity to antibiotics) is done if:
In interpretation Should Consider Of the patient Complaints, Clinical Photo და Designated Therapy solution.
Local microflora of pharyngeal (throat) mucosa includes: Neisseria, diphtheriae, alpha-hemolytic and gamma-hemolytic streptococci, mycoplasmas, coagulase-negative staphylococci, moraxella, bacteriophage and others.
The etiological factor of 70% of pharyngitis is a virus. The process is characterized by damage to the epithelium of the airways and obstructive obstruction of the sinuses or Eustachian tube, which contributes to the development of additional bacterial infection with local microflora. Is the most common cause of bacterial pharyngitis Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus) and it acts as a bacterial agent that can cause severe complications of pharyngitis: sinusitis, otitis media, paratonsillar abscess, etc. Pharyngitis is also caused by group C and G beta-hemolytic streptococci. Rheumatism is also a possible complication of pharyngitis caused by beta hemolytic streptococci (groups A, C and G).
To prevent these complications, bacteriological examination of the throat smear is necessary to facilitate proper diagnostics and timely initiation of antibiotic therapy.
How Get ready Rules for test / material collection
For bacteriological examination of throat swab Research Of the material Collect Is carried out:
Purchase a test
Submission of material
Consult a doctor