Preparing for tests

  • An important condition for laboratory tests is to take blood 6-12 hours after the last meal. It is permissible to drink a small amount of water on the day of the examination.
  • 6-12 hours before the study, you should exclude alcohol intake, smoking, eating, and limit physical activity.
  • Exclude medications, if this is not possible, you should inform your laboratory.
  • Children under 5 years of age, before taking blood tests, it is advisable to give the child boiled water to drink (cooled to room temperature; 150-200 ml in portions over 30 minutes).
  • For infants Keep the maximum pause between meals.

Prolactin

  • It is recommended to perform the test within 2 hours after waking up in the morning.
  • Blood should not be taken after a gynecological examination, physical exertion, stressful situations or breast stimulation.
  • It is recommended to abstain from sexual intercourse and alcohol one day before the test.
  • Birth control pills, blood pressure medications, antidepressants can affect the results and should be discontinued as prescribed by your doctor.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

  • The test is performed in the morning on an empty stomach or during the day, six hours after eating (you should avoid fatty foods).
  • Refrain from ejaculating for 48 hours.
  • This test should be performed no earlier than three days (optimally 6-7 days) after urological manipulations, rectal examination, ergometry, cystoscopy and colonoscopy, prostate massage. After completing the prostate biopsy, testing is optimal after three weeks.
  • It is advisable to refrain from physical exercises for three days before the test, which can affect the prostate gland (bicycle), as well as thermal procedures (sauna, sunbathing, etc.).

Prothrombin index (Pt%)

  • During regular monitoring of the prothrombin index, it is advisable to take blood at the same time.
  • Patients who take hormonal medications should not break their schedule on the day of the test, unless there is a special recommendation from the doctor.

It is necessary to external before collecting urineConduct a thorough toilet of the genitals (it is better to use laundry soap):

  • In women - Before collecting urine, women insert a gynecological tampon into the vagina.
  • In men - a thorough toilet of the external genitalia with the opening of the head of the penis.
  • In infants - after thorough toileting of the genitals, it is advisable to collect urine in a urinal. Urine squeezed out of a diaper is not subject to examination. Urine is collected in a special container or a clean glass container.

The following urine collection containers are used in Synevo:

Pediatric urine container

Pediatric urine container

General analysis of urine

  • To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The first and last portion of urine should be poured and the middle portion of urine in the amount of at least 10-15 ml should be placed in a sterile container.
  • Urine should be brought to the laboratory within one hour of ingestion. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory for one hour, then it should be stored in the refrigerator for a maximum of 2 hours.

24-hour urine collection rule

  • 24 h of urine should be collected in a sterile, clean 2-3 liter container.
  • From 7 am, collect all day's urine in a large urine container. The last part of the urine should be placed in the container at 7 o'clock in the morning of the next day, i.e. after 24 hours. The container should be closed after collecting each portion of urine and stored in a cool, dark place.
  • Be sure to note the amount of urine excreted in 24 hours after you have finished collecting your urine!
  • Remove 100 ml of urine (eg with a syringe) from the vessel and transfer (eg with a syringe) to a disposable sterile container for urine, shake and store at 2-8 ° C for 1-1,5 hours before examination.

Bacteriological examination of urine culture

For bacteriological examination of urine material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • The first morning urine should be collected for analysis or, if this is not possible, urine should be collected at least 4 hours after previous urination.
  • To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The first portion of urine should not be taken and the middle portion of urine in the amount of at least 10-20 ml should be placed in a sterile urine container. Do not collect the last portion of urine!
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • Do not touch the inner walls of the container!
  • In infants - after washing the periurethral area with soap and water or cleaning it with a disinfectant towel and drying it with a clean, dry towel, it is advisable to collect urine in urinals. Urine squeezed out of diapers cannot be tested. Transfer the urine from the urinal to a sterile container and bring it to the laboratory.
  • Urine should be brought to the laboratory within one hour of ingestion. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.
  • If the urine is placed in a sterile container containing a preservative (eg boric acid), the urine can be stored in the refrigerator for 24 hours.
 

Feces collected after natural defecation are sent for examination. To study worm eggs and coprogram at the same time, it is possible to collect the material in one container.

Disposable container for collecting feces

Attention!

There is no examination of feces obtained after the use of ointment, rectal suppositories, castor oil and Vaseline.

Occult blood test (feces) 

  • Material should not be collected during menstrual bleeding
  • During the period of aggravated hemorrhoids
  • During internal bleeding
  • Adherence to a special diet is not necessary
  • Alcohol and various medications such as aspirin, indomethacin, phenylbutazone, reserpine, corticosteroids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may cause damage to the digestive system and subsequent bleeding, e.g. Gives us a false positive reaction.Therefore, the intake of such substances should be prohibited for 48 hours before taking the material.
  • Stools should be collected in a clean, dry container. The material taken from sticks from 5 different places should be placed in a small tube, carefully turned over, stirred, we should get a homogeneous mass. The material placed in the tube in this way is stored at room temperature for 3 days. 7 days in the refrigerator. -20 degrees for 3 months.

Parasitological examination (stool) 

  • A thorough examination of the worm eggs requires the examination of feces and a specially prepared cotton disk.
  • Stool analysis is required for the same day, but if you want to deliver material of feces, which is collected the day before, it is important to store the feces in a cool place in a small amount in a plastic or glass container before delivery.
  • Place 10 ml of thin stool or walnut-sized stool sample in a container. It is important to take stool from different areas, especially those areas where mucus or blood is visible.
  • The final answer needs to be conducted as well Cotton disk The research that you should bring is prepared as follows: In the evening, after 7-8 hours, you should not wash your back body. In the morning, immediately after waking up, wet and rub the 5 cm diameter cotton swab to remove wrinkles on the back of the body while sitting. Place the contaminated cotton swab in a disposable bag or special container. Wash your hands thoroughly before and after the procedure.

Coprogram, calprotectin, pancreatic elastase

  • For coprological examination it is necessary to collect fresh stool in a dry, clean plastic or glass container (sterile disposable stool container) in the amount of 10-15 g.

Enterobiosis (smear)

  • Materials needed for the study are collected in the morning, in bed, before hygiene procedures and before defecation.
  • To collect the material, you need a transparent adhesive tape, about the size of a glass slide ("narrow tape"), which is glued to the perianal folds with the adhesive side, and then glued to the clean glass slide with the study material on the same side.
  • The slide (subject glass) is placed in a clean disposable bag and delivered to the laboratory center.
  • Do not use matte or colored adhesive tape to collect the material!
  • Slides (glassware) can be taken at Synevo Laboratory Centers.

Dysbacteriosis Bacteriological examination of the normal flora of the large intestine

For bacteriological examination material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Bacteriological examination of feces does not require special preparation.
  • The test material is collected in a sterile container with a screw cap and a with spoon on the lid
  • for examination, feces should not contain impurities such as urine, so you should urinate before collecting feces to exclude the possibility of entering urine in the feces.
  • Stools are collected from a sterile surface - the so-called. Night pot or "Sudno", which is well washed with soap, rinsed several times with water, and then treated with boiling water and cooled. It is forbidden to treat the surface of the pot with disinfectants.
  • The material for examination is taken mainly from the middle portion of feces, from 4-5 different places, with a special spoon fixed on the lid of the sterile container, in an amount not more than 1/3 of the container volume (up to 10 grams - 1 spoon)
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • After collecting the feces in the container, close the lid of the container tightly and bring the material to the laboratory center.
  • The study material should be brought to the laboratory within one hour. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.

Bacteriological examination of feces

For bacteriological examination of feces material should be taken:

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Bacteriological examination of feces does not require special preparation.
  • The test material is collected in a sterile container with a screw cap and a with spoon on the lid
  • for examination, feces should not contain impurities such as urine, so you should urinate before collecting feces to exclude the possibility of entering urine in the feces.
  • Stools are collected from a sterile surface - the so-called. Night pot or "Sudno", which is well washed with soap, rinsed several times with water, and then treated with boiling water and cooled. It is forbidden to treat the surface of the pot with disinfectants.
  • The test material is taken with a special spoon fixed on the lid of the sterile container, in an amount not exceeding 1/3 of the container volume. (up to 10 grams - 1 teaspoon).
  • During sample collection, be sure to collect the liquid part of the material - especially the mucous and bloody parts, if there is any of them.
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • After collecting the feces in the container, close the lid of the container tightly and bring the material to the laboratory center.
  • The study material should be brought to the laboratory within one hour of collection. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.

To perform a Pap test using liquid cytology, the material is taken by a specialist doctor (gynecologist). To take a smear, you need a special brush and a so-called BD vial filled with liquid, which can be taken, if necessary, in "Synevo" laboratory centers. The doctor must also fill out a special referral form where the patient's data and the type of test are marked. The taken material and the application form are sent to "Synevo" laboratory centers, from where it is sent to "Synevo" Central Referral Laboratory.

Transport and fixation vial

Cervex brush

No special training is required for the examination, although it is necessary to follow certain recommendations:

  • 24-48 hours before smear is recommended to avoid: sexual intercourse, vaginal shower, intravaginal treatment (creams, contraceptives, disinfectants, lubricants) or other intravaginal interventions (intravaginal tampons), vaginal examination.
  • Pap test is not done during menstruation. It is best to take a smear in the middle of the menstrual cycle, as well as in case of genital infections, after their treatment.
  • In the case of medical-surgical procedures, sampling is recommended 24 hours before the start of the manual examination, colposcopy or colposcopy, and 3 months after the previous test, and the interval after polypectomy and childbirth should be 1,5-3 months.

The culture for bacteriological examination has to be collected: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.

Bacteriological examination of throat culture

For bacteriological examination of the throat swab, material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • It is recommended to take the smear in the morning on an empty stomach (do not brush your teeth before the examination), or 1.5-2 hours after eating.
  • It is important not to use oral antiseptics before taking sample.

Bacteriological examination of nasal culture

For bacteriological examination of the nasal swab, material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Before taking the material, do not clean and rinse the nostrils and do not use antimicrobial agents.

Bacteriological examination of ear culture

For bacteriological examination of the ear swab material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Do not clean and rinse the ear canals and do not use antimicrobial agents before taking the material.

Bacteriological examination of eye culture

For bacteriological examination of the eye swab material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Before taking the material, do not clean and rinse the eyes and do not use antimicrobial agents.

Bacteriological examination of oral cavity culture

For bacteriological examination of the oral cavity material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • It is recommended to take the smear in the morning on an empty stomach (do not brush your teeth before the examination), or 1.5-2 hours after eating.
  • It is important not to use oral antiseptics before taking sample.

Bacteriological examination of sputum culture

For bacteriological examination of sputum material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Brush your teeth before taking the test material and rinse your mouth and throat with soda solution (dissolve one teaspoon of soda in one glass of warm water).
  • It is recommended to collect the material on an empty stomach or 2 hours after eating.
  • Before collecting the material (sputum), take a deep breath once and then exhale.
  • The material is collected once, in a sterile container.
  • The test material must be delivered to the laboratory within one hour. If you cannot deliver the test material to the laboratory within an hour, then it should be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2-8 ° C for no more than 2 hours.

Bacteriological examination of breast milk culture

For bacteriological examination of breast milk material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Before collecting milk, wash the breasts with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant towel, then dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The bacteriological examination requires a medium flow of milk (first dilute the first drops of milk, after which the study material is collected) in an amount of at least 10-15 ml.
  • The material is collected in a sterile container.
  • Milk is collected from each breast separately, once. A sterile container should be marked for each breast (left / right breast).
  • The test material must be delivered to the laboratory within one hour. If you cannot deliver the test material to the laboratory within an hour, then it should be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2-8 ° C for no more than 2 hours.

Bacteriological examination of urogenital culture

For bacteriological examination of urogenital swab material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Abstain from sexual contact for 3 days before taking the study material.
  • For women: Avoid using intravaginal suppositories, ointments, swabs and washing the genital area for 24 hours before collecting the material.
  • For men: do not urinate for 3-4 hours before collecting the material. Before collecting the material, wash the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe it with a disinfectant wipe, then dry it with a clean, dry towel.
  • The collection of material is not carried out in the laboratory center (material for research must be brought to the laboratory).

Bacteriological examination of sperm culture 

For bacteriological examination of sperm material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Abstain from sexual contact and ejaculation for 3 days before taking the study material.
  • To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The collection of material is not carried out in the laboratory center (material for research must be brought to the laboratory).
  • The test material must be delivered to the laboratory within one hour. If you cannot deliver the test material to the laboratory within an hour, then it should be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2-8 ° C for no more than 2 hours.
Bacteriological examination of feces
 
For bacteriological examination of feces, fecal specimen has to be collected:
 
  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • Bacteriological examination of feces does not require special preparation.
  • The test material is collected in a sterile container with a screw cap and a with spoon on the lid
  • for examination, feces should not contain impurities such as urine, so you should urinate before collecting feces to exclude the possibility of entering urine in the feces.
  • Stools are collected from a sterile surface - the so-called. Night pot or "Sudno", which is well washed with soap, rinsed several times with water, and then treated with boiling water and cooled. It is forbidden to treat the surface of the pot with disinfectants.
  • The test material is taken with a special spoon fixed on the lid of the sterile container, in an amount not exceeding 1/3 of the container volume. (up to 10 grams - 1 teaspoon).
  • During sample collection, be sure to collect the liquid part of the material - especially the mucous and bloody parts, if there is any of them.
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • After collecting the feces in the container, close the lid of the container tightly and bring the material to the laboratory center.
  • The test material must be delivered to the laboratory within one hour. If you cannot deliver the test material to the laboratory within an hour, then it should be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2-8 ° C for no more than 2 hours.

Bacteriological examination of urine

For bacteriological examination of urine, urine specimen has to be collected:

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • During antibacterial and antifungal treatment, only according to the doctor's prescription.
  • The first morning urine should be collected for analysis or, if this is not possible, urine should be collected at least 4 hours after previous urination.
  • To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The first portion of urine should be drained and the middle portion of urine containing at least 10-20 ml should be placed in a sterile urine container. Do not collect the last portion of urine!
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • Do not touch the inner walls of the container!
  • In infants - After washing the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or cleaning with a disinfectant wipe, drying with a dry towel, it is advisable to collect urine in the urinal. Urine that is squeezed out of the diaper is not accepted for examination. Transfer urine from the urinal to a sterile container and bring to the laboratory.
  • Urine must be delivered to the laboratory within one hour. If you cannot deliver the test material to the laboratory within an hour, then it should be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2-8 ° C for no more than 2 hours.
  • If the urine is placed in a sterile container containing a preservative (eg boric acid), the urine can be stored in the refrigerator for 24 hours.

Bacteriological examination of dysbacteriosis

For bacteriological examination for dysbacteriosis, fecal specimen has to be collected:

 
  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Bacteriological examination of feces does not require special preparation.
  • The test material is collected in a sterile container with a screw cap and a with spoon on the lid
  • for examination, feces should not contain impurities such as urine, so you should urinate before collecting feces to exclude the possibility of entering urine in the feces.
  • Stools are collected from a sterile surface - the so-called. Night pot or "Sudno", which is well washed with soap, rinsed several times with water, and then treated with boiling water and cooled. It is forbidden to treat the surface of the pot with disinfectants.
  • The material for examination is taken mainly from the middle portion of feces, from 4-5 different places, with a special spoon fixed on the lid of the sterile container, in an amount not more than 1/3 of the container volume (up to 10 grams - 1 spoon)
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • After collecting the feces in the container, close the lid of the container tightly and bring the material to the laboratory center.
  • The test material must be delivered to the laboratory within one hour. If you cannot deliver the test material to the laboratory within an hour, then it should be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2-8 ° C for no more than 2 hours.

 

 
 
 
Blood analysis

  • An important condition for laboratory tests is to take blood 6-12 hours after the last meal. It is permissible to drink a small amount of water on the day of the examination.
  • 6-12 hours before the study, you should exclude alcohol intake, smoking, eating, and limit physical activity.
  • Exclude medications, if this is not possible, you should inform your laboratory.
  • Children under 5 years of age, Before donating blood, it is advisable to give the child a drink of boiling water (cooled to room temperature; 150-200 ml in portions over 30 minutes).
  • For infants Keep the maximum pause between meals.
 

Prolactin

  • It is recommended to perform the test within 2 hours after waking up in the morning.
  • Blood should not be taken after a gynecological examination, physical exertion, stressful situations or breast stimulation.
  • It is recommended to abstain from sexual intercourse and alcohol one day before the test.
  • Birth control pills, blood pressure medications, antidepressants can affect the results and should be discontinued as prescribed by your doctor.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

  • The test is performed in the morning on an empty stomach or during the day, six hours after eating (you should avoid fatty foods).
  • Refrain from ejaculating for 48 hours.
  • This test should be performed no earlier than three days (optimally 6-7 days) after urological manipulations, rectal examination, ergometry, cystoscopy and colonoscopy, prostate massage. After completing the prostate biopsy, testing is optimal after three weeks.
  • It is advisable to refrain from physical exercises for three days before the test, which can affect the prostate gland (bicycle), as well as thermal procedures (sauna, sunbathing, etc.).

Prothrombin index (Pt%)

  • During regular monitoring of the prothrombin index, it is advisable to take blood at the same time.
  • Patients who take hormonal medications should not break their schedule on the day of the test, unless there is a special recommendation from the doctor.

Urine analysis

It is necessary to external before collecting urineConduct a thorough toilet of the genitals (it is better to use laundry soap):

  • In women - Before collecting urine, women insert a gynecological tampon into the vagina.
  • In men - a thorough toilet of the external genitalia with the opening of the head of the penis.
  • In infants - after thorough toileting of the genitals, it is advisable to collect urine in a urinal. Urine squeezed out of a diaper is not subject to examination. Urine is collected in a special container or a clean glass container.

The following urine collection containers are used in Synevo:

Pediatric urine container
Pediatric urine container
Pediatric urine container
Pediatric urine container

General analysis of urine

  • To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The first and last portion of urine should be poured and the middle portion of urine in the amount of at least 10-15 ml should be placed in a sterile container.
  • Urine should be brought to the laboratory within one hour of ingestion. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory for one hour, then it should be stored in the refrigerator for a maximum of 2 hours.

24-hour urine collection rule

  • 24 h of urine should be collected in a sterile, clean 2-3 liter container.
  • From 7 am, collect all day's urine in a large urine container. The last part of the urine should be placed in the container at 7 o'clock in the morning of the next day, i.e. after 24 hours. The container should be closed after collecting each portion of urine and stored in a cool, dark place.
  • Be sure to note the amount of urine excreted in 24 hours after you have finished collecting your urine!
  • Remove 100 ml of urine (eg with a syringe) from the vessel and transfer (eg with a syringe) to a disposable sterile container for urine, shake and store at 2-8 ° C for 1-1,5 hours before examination.

Urine of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of urine material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • The first morning urine should be collected for analysis or, if this is not possible, urine should be collected at least 4 hours after previous urination.
  • To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The first portion of urine should not be taken and the middle portion of urine in the amount of at least 10-20 ml should be placed in a sterile urine container. Do not collect the last portion of urine!
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • Do not touch the inner walls of the container!
  • In infants - after washing the periurethral area with soap and water or cleaning it with a disinfectant towel and drying it with a clean, dry towel, it is advisable to collect urine in urinals. Urine squeezed out of diapers cannot be tested. Transfer the urine from the urinal to a sterile container and bring it to the laboratory.
  • Urine should be brought to the laboratory within one hour of ingestion. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.
  • If the urine is placed in a sterile container containing a preservative (eg boric acid), the urine can be stored in the refrigerator for 24 hours.

Stool analysis

Stools collected after natural defecation are sent for research. For simultaneous study of worm eggs and coprogram, it is possible Collect material in a single container.

                                                                                       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disposable container for collecting feces

Attention!

There is no examination of feces obtained after the use of ointment, rectal suppositories, castor oil and Vaseline.

Occult blood test (feces) 

  • Material should not be collected during menstrual bleeding
  • During the period of aggravated hemorrhoids
  • During internal bleeding
  • Adherence to a special diet is not necessary
  • Alcohol and various medications such as aspirin, indomethacin, phenylbutazone, reserpine, corticosteroids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may cause damage to the digestive system and subsequent bleeding, e.g. Gives us a false positive reaction.Therefore, the intake of such substances should be prohibited for 48 hours before taking the material.
  • Stools should be collected in a clean, dry container. The material taken from sticks from 5 different places should be placed in a small tube, carefully turned over, stirred, we should get a homogeneous mass. The material placed in the tube in this way is stored at room temperature for 3 days. 7 days in the refrigerator. -20 degrees for 3 months.

Parasitological examination (stool) 

  • A thorough examination of the worm eggs requires the examination of feces and a specially prepared cotton disk.
  • Stool analysis is required for the same day, but if you want to deliver material of feces, which is collected the day before, it is important to store the feces in a cool place in a small amount in a plastic or glass container before delivery.
  • Place 10 ml of thin stool or walnut-sized stool sample in a container. It is important to take stool from different areas, especially those areas where mucus or blood is visible.
  • The final answer needs to be conducted as well Cotton disk The research that you should bring is prepared as follows: In the evening, after 7-8 hours, you should not wash your back body. In the morning, immediately after waking up, wet and rub the 5 cm diameter cotton swab to remove wrinkles on the back of the body while sitting. Place the contaminated cotton swab in a disposable bag or special container. Wash your hands thoroughly before and after the procedure.

Coprogram, calprotectin, pancreatic elastase

  • For coprological examination it is necessary to collect fresh stool in a dry, clean plastic or glass container (sterile disposable stool container) in the amount of 10-15 g.

Enterobiosis (smear)

  • Materials needed for the study are collected in the morning, in bed, before hygiene procedures and before defecation.
  • To collect the material, you need a transparent adhesive tape, about the size of a glass slide ("narrow tape"), which is glued to the perianal folds with the adhesive side, and then glued to the clean glass slide with the study material on the same side.
  • The slide (subject glass) is placed in a clean disposable bag and delivered to the laboratory center.
  • Do not use matte or colored adhesive tape to collect the material!
  • Slides (glassware) can be taken at Synevo Laboratory Centers.

Dysbacteriosis | Bacteriological examination of the normal flora of the large intestine

For bacteriological examination material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Bacteriological examination of feces does not require special preparation.
  • The test material is collected in a sterile container with a screw cap and a with spoon on the lid
  • for examination, feces should not contain impurities such as urine, so you should urinate before collecting feces to exclude the possibility of entering urine in the feces.
  • Stools are collected from a sterile surface - the so-called. Night pot or "Sudno", which is well washed with soap, rinsed several times with water, and then treated with boiling water and cooled. It is forbidden to treat the surface of the pot with disinfectants.
  • The material for examination is taken mainly from the middle portion of feces, from 4-5 different places, with a special spoon fixed on the lid of the sterile container, in an amount not more than 1/3 of the container volume (up to 10 grams - 1 spoon)
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • After collecting the feces in the container, close the lid of the container tightly and bring the material to the laboratory center.
  • The study material should be brought to the laboratory within one hour. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.

Bacteriological examination of feces

For bacteriological examination of feces material should be taken:

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Bacteriological examination of feces does not require special preparation.
  • The test material is collected in a sterile container with a screw cap and a with spoon on the lid
  • for examination, feces should not contain impurities such as urine, so you should urinate before collecting feces to exclude the possibility of entering urine in the feces.
  • Stools are collected from a sterile surface - the so-called. Night pot or "Sudno", which is well washed with soap, rinsed several times with water, and then treated with boiling water and cooled. It is forbidden to treat the surface of the pot with disinfectants.
  • The test material is taken with a special spoon fixed on the lid of the sterile container, in an amount not exceeding 1/3 of the container volume. (up to 10 grams - 1 teaspoon).
  • During sample collection, be sure to collect the liquid part of the material - especially the mucous and bloody parts, if there is any of them.
  • Do not fill the container to the brim!
  • After collecting the feces in the container, close the lid of the container tightly and bring the material to the laboratory center.
  • The study material should be brought to the laboratory within one hour of collection. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.

Pap test (by liquid cytology method)

To perform a Pap test using liquid cytology, the material is taken by a specialist doctor (gynecologist). To take a smear, you need a special brush and a so-called BD vial filled with liquid, which can be taken, if necessary, in "Synevo" laboratory centers. The doctor must also fill out a special referral form where the patient's data and the type of test are marked. The taken material and the application form are sent to "Synevo" laboratory centers, from where it is sent to "Synevo" Central Referral Laboratory.

Transport and fixation vial

Cervex brush

No special training is required for the examination, although it is necessary to follow certain recommendations:

  • 24-48 hours before smear is recommended to avoid: sexual intercourse, vaginal shower, intravaginal treatment (creams, contraceptives, disinfectants, lubricants) or other intravaginal interventions (intravaginal tampons), vaginal examination.
  • Pap test is not done during menstruation. It is best to take a smear in the middle of the menstrual cycle, as well as in case of genital infections, after their treatment.
  • In the case of medical-surgical procedures, sampling is recommended 24 hours before the start of the manual examination, colposcopy or colposcopy, and 3 months after the previous test, and the interval after polypectomy and childbirth should be 1,5-3 months.

Bacteriological examination

Research material is collected for bacteriological analysis: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.

Throat examination of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of the throat smear, material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • It is recommended to take the smear in the morning on an empty stomach (do not brush your teeth before the examination), or 1.5-2 hours after eating.
  • It is important not to use oral antiseptics before taking sample.

Bacteriological examination of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of the nasal swab, material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Before taking the material, do not clean and rinse the nostrils and do not use antimicrobial agents.

Bacteriological examination of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of the ear swab material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Do not clean and rinse the ear canals and do not use antimicrobial agents before taking the material.

Of the eye examination of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of the eye swab material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Before taking the material, do not clean and rinse the eyes and do not use antimicrobial agents.

Of the person Cavity of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of the oral cavity material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • It is recommended to take the smear in the morning on an empty stomach (do not brush your teeth before the examination), or 1.5-2 hours after eating.
  • It is important not to use oral antiseptics before taking sample.

Sputum of ear smear

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Brush your teeth before taking the test material and rinse your mouth and throat with soda solution (dissolve one teaspoon of soda in one glass of warm water).
  • It is recommended to collect the material on an empty stomach or 2 hours after eating.
  • Before collecting the material (sputum), take a deep breath once and then exhale.
  • The material is collected once, in a sterile container.
  • The study material should be brought to the laboratory within one hour. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.

Bacteriological examination of breast milk

For bacteriological examination of breast milk material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Before collecting milk, wash the breasts with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant towel, then dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The bacteriological examination requires a medium flow of milk (first dilute the first drops of milk, after which the study material is collected) in an amount of at least 10-15 ml.
  • The material is collected in a sterile container.
  • Milk is collected from each breast separately, once. A sterile container should be marked for each breast (left / right breast).
  • The study material should be brought to the laboratory within one hour. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.

Urogenital examination of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of urogenital swab material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Abstain from sexual contact for 3 days before taking the study material.
  • For women: Avoid using intravaginal suppositories, ointments, swabs and washing the genital area for 24 hours before collecting the material.
  • For men: Do not urinate for 3-4 hours before collecting the material. To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The collection of material is not carried out in the laboratory center (material for research must be brought to the laboratory).

Sperm of ear smear

For bacteriological examination of sperm material should be taken: 

  • Before treatment with antibacterial and antifungal agents.
  • No earlier than 7-10 days after the end of the course of treatment with antibacterial and antifungal drugs.
  • Against the background of antibacterial and antifungal treatment as prescribed by a physician.
  • Abstain from sexual contact and ejaculation for 3 days before taking the study material.
  • To collect the material, rinse the periurethral area with laundry soap and water or wipe with a disinfectant wipe, then pat dry with a clean, dry towel.
  • The collection of material is not carried out in the laboratory center (material for research must be brought to the laboratory).
  • The study material should be brought to the laboratory within one hour. If you can not bring the test material to the laboratory within one hour, then it should be stored immediately in the refrigerator at a temperature of + 2–8 ° С for a maximum of 2 hours.

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