Rapid Test for HIV (HIV)

SKU 850 Category Tag

Additional information

Response time (working day) | Time to results

1

Location of analysis | Where is performed

Georgia

15.30

HIV 1.2.O Quick test Is a rapid, qualitative chromatographic immunoassay for human immunodeficiency virus type 1, type 2, and subtype 0 antibodies throughout the body to diagnose HIV viral infection. It is intended only for professional in vitro diagnostics, in a laboratory center. The test has: sensitivity - 100% and specificity - 98,5%.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Is the etiological agent of human immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is a retrovirus that has the ability to infect and destroy Helper T lymphocytes.

There are two types of HIV (HIV-1 and HIV-2), which differ from each other by geographical area and in turn have subtypes: HIV-1 has two - M and O - subtype.

HIV is transmitted through contaminated blood and blood products, through sexual contact, and from an infected mother to her baby before and after birth. The main risk groups are: homosexuals, hemophiliacs, blood recipients, intravenous drug users and medical staff.

The production of anti-HIV / anti-HIV antibodies is noticeable in 1-2 weeks after infection and their persistence continues throughout life.

When should we take a quick test for HIV?

The test is performed when HIV infection is suspected.

In case of the following symptoms:

  • Sudden weight loss;
  • Night sweats or fever;
  • Extreme fatigue;
  • Enlarged lymph nodes;
  • White spots in the mouth or throat;
  • Current (chronic) diarrhea;
  • ევnevmonia;
  • Reddish spots on the skin or mouth;
  • Depression.

The CDC recommends HIV testing for the following groups:

  • People who have had unprotected sex with multiple partners;
  • Intravenous drug users or people who share their injection equipment with others;
  • People who have been diagnosed with hepatitis, tuberculosis or a sexually transmitted infection;
  • People who have had unprotected sex with a partner with any of the risk factors listed above;
  • When planning a pregnancy or pregnancy.

How to prepare for the test?

No special preparation is required for the test.

To your doctor and laboratory center Be sure to provide information About any medication you are currently taking (medicines without a prescription and any illegal substances you are taking).

Research material

Venous blood or blood plasma.

Possible interpretation of the results

  • Non-reactive result Indicates the absence of detectable antibodies to HIV-1 or HIV-2. However a non-reactive result does not rule out the possibility of exposure to the virus or infection.
  • A non-reactive result can be detected if the number of antibodies is below the detection limit of the analysis, or there is a stage of the disease during which no antibodies are detected in the body.
  • If symptoms persist, despite a negative test result, it is recommended to repeat the test in a few days or use other research methods.
  • The results obtained from this test should be interpreted only in conjunction with other diagnostic procedures based on the clinical picture.
  • Positive result Means that antibodies to HIV have been detected and you may have HIV infection
  • In case of suspicion of early infection, DNA / RNA testing of HIV-1 / HIV-2 is recommended by PCR, based on the patient's clinical and epidemiological indications.

 

 

 

Resources

https://www.synevo.ro/shop/anti-hiv-12/

https://www.synevo.bg/hiv/

 

 

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