Ureaplasma urealyticum | That's what we need to know

Ureaplasma Is a group of bacteria that inhabits the respiratory tract and urogenital tract (urinary and reproductive tract). Bacteria of the ureaplasma group are one of the smallest living organisms that are so small that they cannot be seen under a microscope.

Sometimes usually harmless bacteria in abundance Multiply And cause inflammation of healthy tissues. This creates a colony of bacteria that can lead to infection, with delayed diagnostics and treatment.

Types of ureaplasma are associated with a variety of medical problems, including bacterial vaginosis and pregnancy complications.

Ways of transmitting ureaplasma

Ureaplasma is usually transmitted through sexual contact. It is very common in sexually active adults, is rare in children, and in sexually inactive adults.

Ureaplasma enters the body through the vagina or urethra, it can also be transmitted from mother to child.

The infection usually disappears within a few months.

People with weakened immune systems (HIV-positive people and people who have undergone organ transplants) have the highest risk of being infected with ureaplasma.

Symptoms

Most people with ureaplasma infection have no symptoms. Ureaplasma infection is Urethritis Possible cause. The following symptoms of urethritis can occur in both men and women:

  • Pain and burning sensation when urinating
  • Genital discharge

Ureaplasma is also Bacterial vaginosis Possible cause. Symptoms may include:

  • Watery vaginal discharge and
  • Unpleasant vaginal odor

Ureaplasma may also increase the risk of developing conditions such as:

  • Kidney stones
  • Premature birth
  • Respiratory diseases in newborns

Ureaplasma and pregnancy

Ureaplasma during pregnancy can cause the following complications:

  • Premature rupture of the fetal membrane
  • Premature birth
  • Intraamniotic infection
  • Chorioamnionitis
  • Small weight at birth, etc.

Ureaplasma is also associated with an increased risk of postpartum endometritis.

Diagnosis

Testing for ureaplasma is recommended only if you have all the classic symptoms associated with this condition and all other possible problems are ruled out.

The following laboratory tests are usually performed to make a diagnostics:

  • Examination of the cervical smear
  • Examination of the urine sample
  • Endometrial smear and / or biopsy

Treatment

Treatment usually includes a course of antibiotic therapy.

Prevention

The only reliable way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is to abstain from questionable vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

If you are sexually active, you can do the following to reduce your chances of getting infected:

  • Be in a long-term bilateral monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and has negative STD test results;
  • Use a latex condom correctly each time you have sex. This may reduce the chances of getting trichomoniasis.
  • Talk about the potential risk of STDs before having sex with a new partner. This way you will be able to make informed choices about the risk you are taking in your sexual life.

Many people have ureaplasma as part of their microbiome. Having ureaplasma should not be a big problem if you are not pregnant.

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Resources

https://www.healthline.com/health/ureaplasma#outlook

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