Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Not really the same thing. An infection is when bacteria, viruses or parasites invade the body - and it always precedes the disease. Although infection can cause zero symptoms, the disease is usually always characterized by clear signs. Sexually transmitted disease (STD) always starts with a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are infections that are transmitted from one person to another through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. But sometimes these infections can also be transmitted asexually, for example, from mothers to babies during pregnancy or childbirth, through the use of blood transfusions or common needles, and through other physical contact (e.g., herpes and human papillomavirus spread through skin-to-skin contact).
STIs do not always cause symptoms. It is possible to get sexually transmitted infections from people who look completely healthy and may not even know they have the infection.
There are more than 20 species of sexually transmitted pathogens, including:
Most STDs affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems they cause can be more severe for women. If a pregnant woman has STDs, this can lead to serious health problems for the baby.
Sexually Transmitted Infections / Diseases are caused by:
STDs or STIs can have a number of signs and symptoms, or can be completely asymptomatic. Therefore they may go unnoticed even before complications develop.
Signs and symptoms that may indicate STIs include:
Signs and symptoms may appear within a few days of exposure. However, the clinical manifestation of the disease can take years before you have any noticeable problems, it depends on the microorganism causing the STI.
Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for STDs or STDs to some degree. Factors that may increase this risk include:
Contact your doctor immediately if:
Consult your doctor:
Some STIs - such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV and syphilis - can be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy or childbirth. Infection in infants can cause serious problems or even death.
Recommendations for pregnant women:
Because many people do not have symptoms of STDs or STDs in the early stages, STI screening is important to prevent complications.
Possible complications include:
If, based on your sexual history and current signs and symptoms, you are likely to have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or a sexually transmitted infection (STI), your doctor will perform a physical and pelvic exam to look for signs of infection, such as a rash, warts, or discharge.
Laboratory tests can detect the cause and detect a co-infection you may have.
After the potential impact of the infection, you may think that it is better to get tested immediately, however, keep in mind that you will not be positive for this or that infection after the impact, although this does not rule out the possibility of infection. You will have to wait a certain period and only then will you be tested, but during the waiting period it is recommended to consult a doctor who will provide you with detailed information about sexually transmitted diseases and test dates.
Bacterial STDs or STIs are easier to treat. Viral infections can be managed, but not always cured.
If you are pregnant and have STIs, starting treatment immediately can prevent or reduce your baby's risk of infection.
Treatment of STIs according to the cause includes:
Antibiotics. Antibiotics can cure many sexually transmitted bacterial and parasitic infections, including gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis. You usually treat gonorrhea and chlamydia at the same time, as these two infections often occur together.
In addition, it is important to abstain from sexual contact for seven days after completing antibiotic therapy and healing any ulcers. Experts also suggest that women should be re-tested in about three months as there is a high chance of re-infection.
Antiviral drugs. If you have herpes or HIV, your doctor will prescribe antiviral drugs.
Antiviral drugs can control HIV for many years to come. But you will still have the virus and you can still transmit it, although the risk is lower.
The earlier you start, the more effective your HIV treatment will be. If you take your medication exactly as indicated, it is possible to reduce the viral load in the blood so that it is difficult to detect.
There are several ways to prevent or reduce the risk of STDs or STIs:
Non-barrier forms of contraception, such as birth control pills or intrauterine devices (IUDs), do not protect against STIs.
Contact your doctor for information on other preventative measures.
It can be traumatic to find out if you have a sexually transmitted infection or disease; In this case, these tips will help you:
Avoid blaming anyone - You or your partner may have been infected from previous partners.
Be honest with health care workers - Their job is not to judge you, but to treat and stop the spread of STIs. Everything you tell them remains confidential.
Contact your doctor - Local health departments have sexually transmitted infections programs that provide confidential testing, treatment, and other necessary services.
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