The liver is one of the most important organs in the human body. It performs many vital functions: detoxification of the body, participation in metabolic processes, production of enzymes, proteins, vitamins important for the body, etc., so impaired liver function causes serious changes throughout the body.
Profile of liver function tests or biochemical examination of the liver - a group of tests that provide information about the functional state of the liver. This examination assesses the health of the liver, detects its damage, and also monitors the condition of patients who have already been diagnosed with a liver disease.
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) და Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) Are liver enzymes that are involved in the synthesis of various amino acids. The amount of these enzymes in the blood increases when the abnormal process damages the cells of the liver, skeleton or heart muscle.
Gamma Glutamine Transferase (GGT) Is the most sensitive enzyme in the liver. Its level in the blood increases with some diseases of the liver and digestive system. As well as while taking some medications.
Alkaline phosphatase It is an enzyme that is found in almost all tissues, mainly in the cells and bones of the liver and bile ducts, and is actively involved in biochemical processes. Increased alkaline phosphatase is caused by some diseases of the skeletal system, obstruction of the bile ducts, drug-induced liver diseases, liver cancer, thyroid and parathyroid gland damage.
Total bilirubin - A yellow pigment that is contained in bile. It is a product of the breakdown of hemoglobin and the so-called. Direct და Indirect bilirubin Represents the total amount. Total bilirubin is increased mainly at the expense of indirect bilirubin in hemolytic and pernicious anemias, transfusion reactions, cirrhosis of the liver, Gilbert's syndrome.
Albumin - The main protein in blood serum, which is produced in the liver. Decreased levels of albumin in the blood can lead to impaired nutrient or nutrient absorption (malnutrition or malabsorption) and liver or kidney disease.
Venous blood is required for tests
It is necessary to take blood for analysis on an empty stomach (at least 12 hours after the last meal). Some medications can affect test results, so it is important to consult your doctor and get detailed instructions to prepare for the test.
If the test reveals abnormalities, it may be necessary to use additional methods of diagnostics. For this, you must consult a specialist, who, taking into account the symptoms, will correctly select the appropriate examinations to make an accurate diagnostics.
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