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Plasma lipids are mainly represented by fatty acids, triglycerides, cholesterol and phospholipids.
Triglycerides are lipids that are absorbed by the body through food, synthesized in the liver, intestines and adipose tissue and circulated as part of protein complexes - lipoproteins. Triglycerides are the most important reserves among the body's energy reserves, essential lipids for body fat and food, a key source of energy for cells, and an essential component of cell membranes.
Triglycerides accumulate in adipocytes, break down by hydrolysis to glycerol and fatty acids, and are excreted into the circulatory system.
In adipose tissue, they are deposited in the form of glycerol, fatty acids, and monoglycerides, which are subsequently converted in the liver to triglycerides, which are composed of VLDL (80%) (very low-density lipoprotein) and LDL (15%) (low-density lipoprotein).
Elevated triglyceride levels:
Reduced triglyceride levels:
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