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Triglycerides | Laboratory research

Known as: Triglycerides | Laboratory research
SKU: 1072


Study material: Venous blood
Response time (working day): 1
The test is done on an empty stomach: Yes
Home call service: Yes
Country: Georgia

General Information

Plasma lipids are mainly represented by fatty acids, triglycerides, cholesterol and phospholipids.


Triglycerides are lipids that are absorbed by the body through food, synthesized in the liver, intestines and adipose tissue and circulated as part of protein complexes - lipoproteins. Triglycerides are the most important reserves among the body's energy reserves, essential lipids for body fat and food, a key source of energy for cells, and an essential component of cell membranes.


Triglycerides accumulate in adipocytes, break down by hydrolysis to glycerol and fatty acids, and are excreted into the circulatory system.

In adipose tissue, they are deposited in the form of glycerol, fatty acids, and monoglycerides, which are subsequently converted in the liver to triglycerides, which are composed of VLDL (80%) (very low-density lipoprotein) and LDL (15%) (low-density lipoprotein).

When should we take the test?

  • Assess the risk of developing atherosclerosis (along with cholesterol and its fractions);
  • Myocardial infarction;
  • Acute pancreatitis;
  • Gout;
  • Hereditary disorders of lipid metabolism.

Possible interpretation of the results

Elevated triglyceride levels: 

  • Hereditary hyperlipidemia (types I, II-B, III, IV, V, apo C-II deficiency) and secondary hyperlipidemia;
  • Gout;
  • Pancreatitis;
  • Liver disease, alcoholism;
  • Nephrotic syndrome;
  • Kidney disease;
  • Hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus;
  • Glycogenosis (Von Gierke disease);
  • Down syndrome;
  • Anorexia nervosa;
  • Fatty food intake and alcohol consumption (transient increase);
  • Pregnancy;
  • Obesity;
  • Lack of physical activity;
  • smoke.

Reduced triglyceride levels:

  • Abetalipoproteinemia;
  • Malnutrition, malabsorption;
  • Hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism;
  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease);
  • Physical activity (transient reduction);
  • Nutrition changes;
  • Weight loss (permanent loss).

Additional information

How to prepare for the test?

  • Follow an unchanged diet for 3 weeks before testing;
  • Maintain a constant weight;
  • Do not eat for 12-14 hours before testing. You can only get water and black coffee without sugar;
  • Do not drink alcohol for 72 hours before testing;

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