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Cholesterol Is a fat-like substance found in every cell of the body. It is found in blood and body tissues in free and esterified form. Free cholesterol is a component of plasma cell membranes, as well as mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum membranes, and is a precursor to sex hormones, corticosteroids, bile acids, and vitamin D. Up to 80% of cholesterol is synthesized in the liver, while the rest enters the body through products of animal origin (fatty meat, butter, eggs). Cholesterol is insoluble in water, it is transported between tissues and organs through lipoprotein complexes. Distinguish between cholesterol fractions: low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which differ in composition and function.
Estrogens lower and androgens increase total cholesterol. Cholesterol buildup is one of the major risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease (atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease). Adults have a higher risk of developing coronary artery disease when their blood cholesterol levels are above 5,22 mmol / L.
A total cholesterol test is always advisable in conjunction with the determination of triglycerides, HDL and LDL cholesterol.
Determining cholesterol levels gives us an idea of lipid status and metabolic disorders and determines the risk of developing atherosclerosis, coronary stenosis and myocardial infarction.
The test is prescribed by a doctor.
Elevated Cholesterol Levels:
Reduced Cholesterol Levels:
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