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Prothrombin Is a protein synthesized by the liver and is one of the important factors that promotes blood clotting. Normal coagulation requires several types of proteins called coagulation factors. In the process of coagulation they must act properly and in sufficient quantities.
It is advisable to perform the above tests:
The examination is prescribed by a doctor.
Prothrombin time is usually measured in seconds, but can also be expressed in other ways:
Prolongation of prothrombin time Means inhibition of blood clotting and is manifested in the following cases:
Reduced prothrombin time Means accelerated blood clotting and has no clinical significance. Manifested in the following cases:
The INR is evaluated in patients treated with oral anticoagulants and its determination serves to monitor dose and dose intervals.
Is an important indicator of the condition of the coagulation system. It gives an idea of the activity of the factors involved in the external coagulation pathway (VII, X, V, I, II). Factors VII, X, V, I, II are synthesized in the liver and the process requires the presence of vitamin K.
The assay determines the time (in seconds) during which a thrombus-producing protein called thrombin is produced from inactive prothrombin in the blood plasma taken for analysis.
It can detect both hypercoagulation and hypocoagulation.
Prothrombin time is measured in seconds, but can be expressed in different ways: seconds (sec), prothrombin index in percent (%) and INR (International Normalized Ratio).
Prothrombin activity in% is determined by analysis.
The study determined the relationship between prothrombin index (PI) and prothrombin time (PT).
It is comparable between different laboratories and according to its importance the doctor can determine the dose of prescribed anticoagulants and the interval between their reception.
INR is useful only in anticoagulant therapy and is not used to diagnose and treat patients with prolonged prothrombin time for other reasons.
Blood sampling for analysis is necessary without fasting, without taking medication for the last 12 hours. The patient should be informed whether he or she is taking medications that affect blood clotting.
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