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General blood test Used to assess general health. It can also be a diagnostic indicator for many diseases such as anemia, inflammatory conditions, leukemia and others.
General blood tests are provided for both prophylactic and diagnostic purposes - suspected infectious diseases, inflammation, internal bleeding, hyperemia or anemia, hemorrhagic diathesis; Used to control and diagnose blood diseases.
Blood tests should be performed every 2-3 years. This simple test will help you prevent the development of many diseases.
The interpretation of the test results is based on the reference indicators (reference range) of the given laboratory - "Synevo", because different methods can be used to determine the parameters in different laboratories.
Interpretation of the analysis results should take into account the patient's age, sex, medications taken and pathological conditions.
The parameters of a common blood test are mainly related to each other and their interpretation is usually done together:
Red blood cell / erythrocyte count, hemoglobin and hematocrit - These three indicators are closely related to each other, as they determine the individual aspects of red blood cells. If examination of these parameters shows a reduction, it is likely to indicate anemia, but because there are different types of anemia, your doctor may order additional tests to determine the type of anemia - for example, to diagnose iron deficiency or megaloblastic anemias. An additional test for iron and vitamin B12 may be needed. Anemia can also be caused by blood loss or other causes. Elevated erythrocyte count, hematocrit, and hemoglobin may indicate polycythemia or conditions that damage the heart muscle.
Number of white blood cells:
Platelet count - Both high and low levels are a sign of disease. In any case, if there are deviations in their number, additional tests are needed to determine the cause. These conditions can be hereditary, autoimmune, the result of taking certain medications or surgical procedures.
General blood test parameters:
1. Leukocyte / white blood cell count (WBC) - The body's protective function, fighting infections.
2. Erythrocyte / red blood cell count (RBC) - Oxygen transport function in tissues and organs.
3. Hemoglobin Concentration (HGB) - Oxygen-carrying protein present in red blood cells.
4. Hematocrit (HCT) - The ratio of red blood cell volume to blood plasma volume.
5. Mean erythrocyte volume (MCV) - An important indicator that shows the size of red blood cells; The size of erythrocytes, larger or smaller than normal, may indicate a specific disease.
6. Mean hemoglobin content (MCH) in erythrocytes - Shows the average amount of hemoglobin contained in erythrocytes; Interpretation is done with MCV and MCHC indicators;
7. Mean hemoglobin concentration in erythrocytes (MCHC) - Concentration of hemoglobin in a certain volume of erythrocytes;
8. Erythrocyte distribution area (DMV) - This is the so-called Deviation of erythrocytes according to volume.
9. Platelet count (PLT) - Participate in the process of blood clotting.
10. Average platelet volume (MPV) - Reflects the average size of platelets;
Leukocyte formula (leukogram):
11. Neutrophils% (NEUT%);
12. Lymphocytes% (LYMPH%);
13. Monocytes% (MONO%);
14. Eosinophils% (EO%);
15. Basophils% (BASO%);
16. Absolute rate of neutrophils (NEUT Abs);
17. Absolute Lymphocyte Index (LYMPH Abs);
18. Absolute rate of monocytes (MONO Abs);
19. Absolute rate of eosinophils (EO Abs);
20. Absolute rate of basophils (BASO Abs).
The test provides important information for the diagnostics of diseases such as infectious mononucleosis, other viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases, as well as disorders of bone marrow function.
An important condition for ensuring the quality of blood laboratory tests is fasting in the morning.
Alcohol intake, smoking, food intake and physical activity should be excluded for 8-12 hours before the examination.
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