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Chlamydia trachomatis | DNA (PJR in real time)

Known as: Chlamydia trachomatis, chlamydia
SKU: 1674

90.00

Study material: urine, urogenital smear
Response time (working days): 1 ****
The test is done on an empty stomach: no
Home call service: No.
Country: Georgia

General Information

**** Test is done once a week - Friday

Chlamydia Is a gram-negative intracellular bacterium. The genus Chlamydia combines four species: C. trachomatis, C. pneumoniae, C. psitttaci and C. pecorum.

Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in women cause inflammation of the cervix, urethra, fallopian tubes, and uterus; In men - inflammation of the urethra, epididymis and prostate. It can also cause proctitis (inflammation of the rectum).

Cl. Diagnosis of Trachomatis by PCR Recognized as the most sensitive and specific method of pathogen detection, which allows to establish the etiological diagnostics of the disease and prescribe etiotropic treatment. PCR is reliable for diagnostics and for qualitative results - the pathogen is "detected / not detected". However, in order to ensure the effectiveness of detection of the pathogen by PCR, special attention should be paid to the choice of biological material.

When should we take the test?

  • At the clinic of cervicitis, salpingitis, endometritis (in women), epididymitis (in men), urethritis, proctitis, Reiter syndrome, arthritis, conjunctivitis, trachoma;
  • In infants and children in the first month of life with conjunctivitis and pneumonia;
  • In all cases of infertility (in women and men);
  • To monitor the effectiveness of treatment (the test is optimal within 3 weeks after the end of treatment);

research Is held also Then In cases:

  • Genital discharge;
  • Genital ulcers;
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the uterus;
  • Sexual intercourse with a partner who has been diagnosed with a chlamydial infection;
  • Chronic pelvic pain;
  • Pain when urinating;
  • Pain during sexual intercourse;

Possible interpretation of the results

Identified in the study material Cl. Trachomatis:

Cl. Trachomatis is the etiological cause of clinical manifestations.

In the study material Cl. Trachomatis Not revealed:

  • Infection is not noted;
  • Trachomatis cannot be detected in the study material;
  • Small amount of pathogen (its level is below analytical susceptibility);
  • False-negative result in the presence of PCR test inhibitors in the study material.

Additional information

**** Test is done once a week - Friday

Chlamydia Is a gram-negative intracellular bacterium. The genus Chlamydia combines four species: C. trachomatis, C. pneumoniae, C. psitttaci and C. pecorum.

Recent classifications divide chlamydia into 4 families, the most important of which is the family Chlamydiaceae, which includes two genera:

  • Genus Chlamydia - The most important representative is C. trachomatis;
  • Genus Chlamydophila - C. pneumoniae, C. psittaci, C. pecorum, C. abortus and others.

Of them important, Chlamydia trachomatisCan cause various diseases.

Chlamydia trachomatis-He Serotypes - A, B და C - They invite Trachoma - A serious disease that damages the eyes, causes severe conjunctivitis and increases the risk of vision loss. Trachoma is the most common cause of acquired blindness in the world. Transmission occurs through direct and contact with the infected eye or nasal secretions.

Chlamydia trachomatis-He Serotype DK - Causes urinary tract infections.

Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in women cause inflammation of the cervix, urethra, fallopian tubes, and uterus; In men - inflammation of the urethra, epididymis and prostate. It can also cause proctitis (inflammation of the rectum).

The infection is often asymptomatic, which hinders the process of receiving medical care and increases the risk of transmission to a partner during sexual intercourse. In some cases of infection may be mucous or mucous-purulent vaginal discharge, bleeding after intercourse, pain during urination, frequent urination and pain during intercourse. Infection can lead to complications such as infertility, reactive arthritis (part of Reiter's syndrome, along with conjunctivitis and urethritis), pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy.

Chlamydia trachomatis is transmitted through sexual contact. Newborns of mothers with chlamydial infection may develop neonatal conjunctivitis, pneumonia and others.

Chlamydia trachomatis-He Serotypes - L1-L3 - They invite Venereal Lymphogranuloma - A disease characterized by painless genital ulcers that occur spontaneously. After a few weeks, the lymph nodes in the uterus, which may be swollen, increase in size.

The disease can cause infertility.

It is mainly found in tropical countries.

Chlamydial infections are treated with antimicrobials of macrolides, tetracyclines, and quinolones. Untreated chlamydial infection can lead to severe complications.

Serological, molecular-biological and other research methods are used to diagnose infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.

Research Material

Recommended for PCR diagnostics:

  • In men The first part of the morning urine Use. This is the most optimal material in which case the diagnostic sensitivity reaches 85% -95%.
  • Consumption of the first part of urine in women has a lower diagnostic sensitivity (about 80-90%) than in men, so in the case of women Urogenital smear Recognized as the most optimal material for testing. The study of the first part of the urine in women can be used in situations where it is difficult to take a smear from the vagina and cervix (for example, in pregnant women) or in the face of a cystitis clinic (including chronic). It is the most optimal time to examine women The fourth week from the first day of the last menstrual period.

The research material should be brought to the laboratory by 13:00.

 

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