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General Blood Test & EDS

Known as: Blood Common and EDS
SKU: 4018

19.80

Study material: Venous blood
Response time (working day): 1
The test is done on an empty stomach: Yes
Home call service: Yes
Country: Georgia

General Information

General blood test Used to assess general health. It can also be a diagnostic indicator for many diseases such as anemia, inflammatory conditions, leukemia and others.

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate - EDS (ESR) - is directly proportional to the difference between erythrocyte mass, erythrocytes and plasma density and is inversely proportional to plasma viscosity. With leukocytosis and corresponding changes in the formula of leukocytes, increased EDS is a reliable sign of the presence of infectious and inflammatory processes in the body. Measurement of EDS in autoimmune diseases allows us to determine the stage of the disease (exacerbation or remission), evaluate its activity and the effectiveness of treatment. However, an increase in EDS is not a specific indicator of this or that disease. Nevertheless, its changes in pathology have diagnostic and prognostic significance and may be an indicator of the effectiveness of treatment.

When should we take the test?

General blood tests are provided for both prophylactic and diagnostic purposes - suspected infectious diseases, inflammation, internal bleeding, hyperemia or anemia, hemorrhagic diathesis; Used to control and diagnose blood diseases.

  • If you complain of general weakness, fatigue, fever, inflammation, bleeding and more. A complete blood count can help determine the cause of these symptoms.
  • Disease monitoring. If you have been diagnosed with a condition that affects the number of blood cells, this test is informative to determine disease progression.
  • Monitoring the effectiveness of treatment. If you are taking medications that affect the number of blood cells and need to control them.

Blood tests should be performed every 2-3 years. This simple test will help you prevent the development of many diseases.

Possible interpretation of the results

The interpretation of the test results is based on the reference indicators (reference range) of the given laboratory - "Synevo", because different methods can be used to determine the parameters in different laboratories.

Interpretation of the analysis results should take into account the patient's age, sex, medications taken and pathological conditions. The parameters of a common blood test are mainly related to each other and their interpretation is usually done together:

Red blood cell / erythrocyte count, hemoglobin and hematocrit - These three indicators are closely related to each other, as they determine the individual aspects of red blood cells. If examination of these parameters shows a reduction, it is likely to indicate anemia, but because there are different types of anemia, your doctor may order additional tests to determine the type of anemia - for example, an iron and vitamin B12 test may be needed to diagnose iron deficiency or megaloblastic anemias. Anemia can also be caused by blood loss or other causes. Elevated erythrocyte count, hematocrit, and hemoglobin may indicate polycythemia or conditions that damage the heart muscle.

Number of white blood cells:

  • Reduced number of leukocytes May be associated with autoimmune disease that destroys them, bone marrow problems, or cancer. The use of various medications can also lead to a decrease in white blood cells. An increase in the number of white blood cells can be a sign of infection or inflammation. In addition, it may indicate a disease of the bone marrow or immune system. High levels can also be the result of using different medications.
  • Increase in neutrophil count May be associated with sepsis, tissue necrosis, chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, vasculitis, pancreatitis and others. Their level Reduction May be associated with septicemia, immunosuppression, or use of certain medications.
  • Increase in the number of lymphocytes It can be caused by viral infections, chronic infections, vasculitis, as well as the neoplastic process - leukemia, some types of lymphoma and others. Their level Reduction May be associated with immunodeficiency syndromes, AIDS, lupus erythematosus, and others.
  • Increase in the number of monocytes - Most often caused by bacterial infections. Their level Reduction It is indicated in the treatment of corticosteroids, aplastic anemia and others.
  • Increase in the number of eosinophils Causes allergic diseases such as asthma, atopic dermatitis, food allergies, cancer and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Their level Reduction It is often associated with Cushing's syndrome or the use of certain medications.
  • Increase in the number of basophils Associated with allergic diseases, systemic myeloproliferative syndromes, hypothyroidism and others. Their level Reduction Associated with the acute phase of the infectious process, hyperthyroidism, congenitally low levels, and more.

Platelet count - Both high and low levels are a sign of disease. In any case, if there are deviations in their number, additional tests are needed to determine the cause. These conditions can be hereditary, autoimmune, the result of taking certain medications or surgical procedures.

Additional information

In the Synevo laboratory, the total blood and EDS analysis is performed together and involves the examination of 20 morphological parameters of the blood and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate or EDS.

These options are:

1. Leukocyte / white blood cell count (WBC) - The body's defense function, fighting infections.

2. The number of erythrocytes / red blood cells (RBC) - the function of transporting oxygen to tissues and organs.

3. Hemoglobin Concentration (HGB) - An oxygen-carrying protein present in red blood cells.

4. Hematocrit (HCT) - The ratio of red blood cell volume to blood plasma volume.

Erythrocyte indices:

5. Mean erythrocyte volume (MCV) - an important indicator that shows the size of red blood cells; The size of erythrocytes, larger or smaller than normal, may indicate a specific disease.

6. Average hemoglobin content (MCH) in erythrocytes - shows the average amount of hemoglobin contained in erythrocytes; Interpretation is done with MCV and MCHC indicators;

7. Mean hemoglobin concentration in erythrocytes (MCHC) - hemoglobin concentration in a certain volume of erythrocytes;

8. Erythrocyte Distribution Area (RDW) - This is the so-called Deviation of erythrocytes according to volume.

Platelet counts:

9. Platelet count (PLT) - Participate in the process of blood clotting.

10. Average platelet volume (MPV) - reflects the average platelet size;

Leukocyte formula (leukogram):

11. Neutrophils% (NEUT%);

12. Lymphocytes% (LYMPH%);

13. Monocytes% (MONO%);

14. Eosinophils% (EO%);

15. Basophils% (BASO%);

16. Absolute neutrophil count (NEUT Abs);

17. Absolute Lymphocyte Index (LYMPH Abs),

18. Absolute rate of monocytes (MONO Abs),

Absolute eosinophil count (EO Abs),

20. Absolute rate of basophils (BASO Abs).

The test provides important information for the diagnostics of diseases such as infectious mononucleosis, other viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases, as well as disorders of bone marrow function.

 

How to prepare for the test?

An important condition for ensuring the quality of blood laboratory tests is fasting in the morning.

Alcohol intake, smoking, food intake and physical activity should be excluded for 8-12 hours before the examination.

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