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The main mode of transmission is sexual contact, in rare cases it is possible to transmit through personal hygiene and during childbirth.
Currently, the most common method of diagnosing trichomoniasis remains the method of molecular diagnostics - Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This method allows the identification and appointment of treatment for N. gonorrhoeae in a short time with high diagnostic sensitivity (95-100%) and specificity (95-100%).
In men with symptoms such as:
In women with symptoms such as:
Identified in the study material Trichomonas vaginalis:
Trichomonas vaginalis is the etiological cause of clinical manifestations.
In research material Trichomonas vaginalis Not revealed:
T. vaginalis reveals tropism in the vaginal and urethral mucosa in women and in the urethra in men, so there are clinical manifestations in the acute course Vaginitis, cervicitis and urethritis. Asymptomatic transmission of trichomoniasis, which contributes to the development of complications due to lack of treatment, is typical for 10-50% of women and 60-70% of men. T. vaginalis can cause complications such as premature rupture of membranes, premature birth, low fetal weight, infertility, and damage to appendages in men. It should be noted that T. vaginalis is associated with an increased risk of developing other sexually transmitted infections, especially Neisseria gonorrhoeae, so T. vaginalis infection should be ruled out in all patients diagnosed with gonorrhea.
Trichomoniasis is often asymptomatic and classic manifestations are found in a small percentage of infected people - foamy discharge is found in only 10% of patients with trichomoniasis, "strawberry cervix" - in 2% of cases and an increase in pH - in 16%. Thus, laboratory diagnostics and not the clinical picture play a crucial role in the diagnostics of trichomoniasis.
Laboratory diagnostics of diseases caused by Trichomonas vaginalis includes direct detection methods such as microscopic examination of stained smear, culture method by inoculation with special media, PCR diagnostics (detection of pathogen DNA) and cytological examination (PAP); Indirect method - detection of serological markers (IgG, IgM).
Currently the most common method of diagnosing trichomoniasis remains the method of molecular diagnostics - Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This method allows the identification and appointment of treatment for N. gonorrhoeae in a short time with high diagnostic sensitivity (95-100%) and specificity (95-100%).
Recommended for PCR diagnostics:
The research material should be brought to the laboratory by 13:00.
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