Gonorrhea Is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a bacterium - Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This common sexually transmitted infection is prone to warm, moist areas of the body, including the urethra, eyes, throat, vagina, anus, female reproductive tract, including the fallopian tubes, cervix, and uterus.
Gonorrhea can affect people of any age and gender, but it is especially common in young people aged 15 to 24 years.
Untreated gonorrhea can lead to long-term health problems and, in some cases, infertility. But treatment with antibiotics can cure the infection and reduce the chance of complications.
How is gonorrhea transmitted?
Gonorrhea is transmitted through oral, anal or vaginal sexual contact and also a pregnant woman with gonorrhea can transmit the infection to the baby during childbirth.
Symptoms of gonorrhea
In most cases, gonorrhea does not cause symptoms. If detected, the symptoms may be related to different areas of the body, although the symptoms associated with the genital tract are usually manifested:
Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea in men include:
- Painful urination
- Purulent discharge from the penis
- Pain or swelling in one testicle
Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea in women include:
- Large amount of vaginal discharge
- Painful urination
- Vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods (eg bleeding after vaginal intercourse)
- Abdominal or pelvic pain
Gonorrhea can also affect the following areas of the body:
- Rectum. Signs and symptoms include: anal itching, purulent discharge from the rectum, blood stains (bright red) on toilet paper, painful bowel movements.
- eyes. Gonorrhea, which affects your eyes, can cause eye pain, sensitivity to light, and purulent discharge from one or both eyes.
- Throat. Signs and symptoms of a throat infection may include sore throat and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
- Funds. If one or more joints are infected with bacteria (septic arthritis), the joints may be warm, red, swollen, and extremely painful, especially during movement.
Gonorrhea and pregnancy
If you are pregnant and have gonorrhea, you may pass the infection on to your baby during childbirth. This can lead to serious health problems in the baby. If you are pregnant, talk to your doctor about proper examination, testing, and treatment. Treating gonorrhea as early as possible will make your child's health problems less likely.
Sexually active women under the age of 25 and bisexual or homosexual men are at risk for developing gonorrhea.
Other risk factors include:
- Having a new sexual partner
- If you have a sexual partner who has other partners
- Having more than one sexual partner
- History of gonorrhea or other sexually transmitted infection
Untreated gonorrhea can lead to serious complications such as:
- Infertility in women. Gonorrhea can spread to the fallopian tubes and fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can cause tubular scarring, increase the risk of pregnancy complications and infertility, it requires urgent treatment.
- Infertility in men. Gonorrhea can cause inflammation of the appendix of the testicle - epididymitis. Untreated epididymitis can lead to infertility.
- An infection that spreads to the joints and other areas of the body. The gonorrhea-causing bacteria can spread through the bloodstream and infect other parts of your body, including the joints. Possible consequences are fever, rash, skin ulcers, joint pain, swelling and tightness.
- Increased risk of HIV / AIDS. People who have gonorrhea and HIV can transmit both diseases more easily to their partners.
- Complications in infants. Babies who pass gonorrhea from their mother during childbirth may develop blindness, sores on their skin, and infections.
Tests for gonorrhea
- Urine examination. This will help you identify the bacteria in your urethra
- Smear examination. An examination of your throat, urethra, vagina, or rectum is done to identify the bacteria.
- Blood test
If you think you may have gonorrhea, it is important to avoid any sexual activity until you get a negative test result.
Is gonorrhea curable?
Yes, the right treatment can cure gonorrhea. Antibiotics are used to treat gonorrhea. To defeat the infection it is important to take all the medications prescribed by your doctor. While the medication will stop the infection, it will not be able to repair any permanent damage caused by the disease.
In some cases, treatment of the infection becomes more difficult as the number of drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea increases. See your doctor if your symptoms persist for a few days or more after starting treatment.
To reduce the risk of gonorrhea:
- Use a condom during any type of sexual contact;
- Limit the number of your sexual partners;
- Avoid sexual contact If your partner has signs or symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection, such as burning when urinating or a rash or sore on the genitals;
- Consider regular screening for gonorrhea. Annual screening is recommended for sexually active women under the age of 25 and older women at increased risk of infection (women who have a new sexual partner, more than one sexual partner, or a sexual partner who has a sexually transmitted infection);
Regular screening is also recommended for bisexual or homosexual men;
To prevent recurrence of gonorrhea, refrain from sexual contact until you and your sexual partner have completed treatment and the symptoms have resolved.
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